Monthly Archives: January 2017

A Study of Tai Chi for Arthritis Helping CVA

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A Study of Tai Chi for Arthritis Helping CVA

A Summary of Short-form Tai Chi Improves Standing Balance of People With Chronic Stroke
Used with permission from: www.taichiproductions.com /Dr. Paul Lam
By Dr. Paul Lam

Published in Neurorehabilitation and Neuro Repair, Volume 20, Number 10, January 7 2009
Authors Stephanie S. Y. Au-Yeung, PhD, Christina W. Y. Hui-Chan, PhD, and Jervis C. S. Tang, MSW

All subjects were six months or more post-stroke. Over a twelve week period tai chi for people with chronic conditions in New Zealand 2008a control group of 62 subjects performed general exercise, and a further 74 subjects received training in Tai Chi for Arthritis. The subjects were tested for improved balance and reaction after six weeks, twelve weeks (conclusion of training) and eighteen weeks (six weeks post study).

Results showed that the tai chi group improved their reaction times on the non-affected side, and this was still noticeable six weeks after the study concluded.

This result supports the idea that regular practice of short-form Tai Chi for 6 to 12 weeks improves standing balance in people with chronic stroke. With its lasting effect beyond the training period, such short-form Tai Chi might be applied in community rehabilitation programs for patients who have adequate sensory motor function and learning ability to safely participate.

Related Articles
• Tai Chi for Arthritis study published in the Journal of Rheumatology Sept 2003
• Tai Chi for Fall Prevention published by the Journal of American Geriatric Society 2007
• Tai Chi for Fall Prevention published by Advaned Nursing Journal 2005

References
Fransen M, Nairn L, Winstanley J, Lam P, Edmonds J : Physical activity for osteoarthritis management: a randomized controlled clinical trial evaluating hydrotherapy or Tai chi classes Arthritis & Rheumatism (Arthritis Care & Research) April 2007, 57:3 pp 407-414.

A Recently Published Significant Tai Chi for Arthritis Study

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A Recently Published Significant Tai Chi for Arthritis Study

Articles curtsey of www.TaiChiProductions.com/Dr.Paul_Lam
By: Libby Spiers

Summary of the study ‘Physical activity for osteoarthritis management: a A Tai Chi for Arthritis classrandomized controlled clinical trial evaluating hydrotherapy or Tai chi classes’, by Libby Spiers.

Libby Spiers is a physiotherapist and warm water exercise coordinator at Arthritis Victoria.

A recent study published in Arthritis and Rheumatism found that both hydrotherapy and Tai chi for Arthritis classes can provide large and sustained improvements in physical function for older, sedentary people with chronic osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee or hip.

The researchers carried out a randomized controlled trial among 152 older people with chronic OA of the hip or knee. Participants attended either Tai Chi for Arthritis classes or hydrotherapy twice per week for 12 weeks. At 12 weeks, compared with controls, the exercise group participants demonstrated significant improvements for pain and physical function scores. These improvements were maintained at 24 weeks.

“This study shows the health benefits of the Tai Chi for Arthritis program, these benefits don’t necessarily translate to other forms of tai chi” Dr Marlene Fransen, chief investigator of this study.

Related Articles

• Another Tai Chi for Arthritis study published in the Journal of Rheumatology Sept 2003
• Tai Chi for Fall Prevention published by the Journal of American Geriatric Society 2007
• Tai Chi for Fall Prevention published by Advaned Nursing Journal 2005

Resources

Reference of the study: Fransen M, Nairn L, Winstanley J, Lam P, Edmonds J : Physical activity for osteoarthritis management: a randomized controlled clinical trial evaluating hydrotherapy or Tai chi classes Arthritis & Rheumatism (Arthritis Care & Research) April 2007, 57:3 pp 407-414.

Why Tai Chi for Arthritis?

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Why Tai Chi for Arthritis?

Used with permission from: www.taichiproductions.com /Dr. Paul Lam
By Dr Paul Lam, with Maureen Miller

Tai Chi for Arthritis is an enjoyable exercise that can relieve your pain, improve your health and your ability to do things. What is more, it is easy to learn — Tai Chi for Arthritis is an easy and enjoyable program that is proven to relief pain and improve quality of lifealmost anyone can do it. In fact, many people who learn the form, like it so much that they continue to practice and enjoy the benefits of Tai Chi for years.

To get started, first, let’s look at a short history of tai chi and its benefits, followed by a brief background as to how Tai Chi for Arthritis came about and some of the medical evidence showing that, practiced regularly, it actually improves health. We’ll conclude with suggestions as to how you can begin to learn Tai Chi for Arthritis.

What is Tai Chi?
Tai Chi originated in ancient China where it is considered a martial art. There is much more to tai chi than one can see, and virtually no one can describe this Tai Chi originates from ancient China and is now a excellent exercise for health and wellbeingcomplex art in a simple sentence. But, basically, tai chi consists of slow continuous whole-body movements, strung together in a form. Like dance, the movements are learned and follow one after the other.

The essential principles of tai chi include mind and body integration, fluid movements, controlled breathing and mental concentration. The central focus is to enable the qi (pronounced chee), or life force, to flow smoothly and powerfully throughout the body. Total harmony of the inner and outer self comes from the integration of the mind and body. This can be achieved through regular practice.

The Benefits of Practicing Tai Chi
Today, tai chi is one of the most effective exercises for the health of mind and body, not only in China, but around the world. Tai chi helps people to relax and feel better. Everything improves when you are more relaxed and feeling good about yourself.

The National Institute of Health’s National Centre of Complementary and Alternative Medicine found, in a 2007 survey, that more than 2.3 million Americans practice tai chi for various health-related purposes, including:

• to obtain benefits associated with low-impact, weight-bearing, aerobic exercise;
• to improve physical condition, muscle strength, coordination, and flexibility;
• to improve balance and decrease the risk of falls;
• to ease pain and stiffness;
• to improve sleep; and
• for overall wellness.

Harvard Medical School, in their May 2009 Health Publications, suggests that tai chi, which is often called meditation in motion, might well be referred to as “medication in motion”. For, in addition to preventing fallsDr White chief medical officer of Arthritis Foundation of America and Jeanine Galloway met Dr Lam to discuss collaboration re the Tai Chi for Arthritis program and reducing the effects of arthritis, the practice of tai chi has been shown to be helpful for a number of medical conditions including; low bone density, breast cancer and it’s side effects, heart disease and failure, hypertension, Parkinson’s disease, sleep problems, and stroke.

Tai chi is especially suitable for older adults because its level of exertion can be adjusted for each individual. From my own experience in many years of teaching, I have found that people adhere to their tai chi practice because they enjoy it, it is easily accessible, and there is no need for special clothing or equipment. For many, like myself, practicing tai chi continues as a lifetime journey, as it is an art with great depth.

Tai Chi for Health Programs
There are many styles and forms of tai chi; the major ones being Chen, Yang, Wu, another Wu (actually two different words in Chinese) and Sun. Each style Dr Paul Lam works with a team of medical and tai chi experts to create the Tai Chi for Health programshas its own unique features, although they share the same essential principles. Traditional tai chi forms are complex, as they were mainly used for martial arts. Unfortunately, many of these also contain movements with a high risk of injury.

As the purpose of learning tai chi changed from martial arts for the elite to improving health, I had the idea of partnering with a teams of tai chi experts, medical specialists and education experts to create easy to learn, safer and more effective tai chi forms. Thus was born the Tai Chi for Arthritis program, which was soon followed by several other Tai Chi for Health programs.

According to traditional Chinese medicine, qi is essential for health and vitality. Tai Chi for Health programs are designed to enhance qi. Thus, practice of the forms not only improve the specific condition each program addresses, but also benefits almost all aspects of health.

Tai Chi for Arthritis is easy to learn — most people can learn it in days, weeks and, at most, several months. It is also safe. All high risk movements have been removed and replace with ones that are more effective for health. In addition certified Tai Chi for Arthritis instructors are trained to teach safely.
The Tai Chi for Arthritis program is effective. Over ten scientific studies have shown it relieves pain, maintains and improves health and the quality of life. Because of this arthritis organizations, including the Arthritis Foundations in USA and Australia, Arthritis Care of UK, and Osteoporosis Australia, are supporting it.

As Tai Chi for Arthritis can be practiced sitting as well as standing, almost anyone, of any physical condition, can begin and continue to progress regardless of age.

How Tai Chi for Arthritis Works
As an effective program for people with arthritis, Tai Chi for Arthritis incorporates exercises that improve muscular strength, flexibility and fitness.

• Muscle strength is important for supporting and protecting joints. It is essential for normal Tai Chi for Arthritis helping people from different walks of lifephysical function.
• Flexibility exercises enable people to move more easily. Flexibility also facilitates the circulation of body fluid and blood, which enhances healing. Many arthritic conditions such as fibromyalgia, scleroderma and spondylitis are characterized by joint stiffness and impaired physical function. Tai chi gently frees up stiff joints and muscles.
• Fitness is important for overall health and proper functioning of the heart, lungs and muscles. Tai Chi for Arthritis can improve all of these components.

The Tai Chi for Arthritis program also focuses on weight transference, which improves balance and prevents falls.

Additionally, tai chi practice helps to relieve pain and reduce stress This is accomplished in various ways. First, Increasing muscular strength helps to protect the joints, thereby reducing pain. Second, improved flexibility allows for better blood and joint fluid circulation, which also leads to less pain. Third, tai chi is a mind body exercise, which improves the serenity and relaxation of the mind and thus reduces pain and
stress. As a result, those who practice tai chi often experience less depression and enhanced immunity.

The Scientific Evidence
Several representative studies follow. More information is available on request.

Dr Lam has presented Tai Chi for Health programs and the many studies done to proven their effectivenessIn September 2003, the Journal of Rheumatology published a study that compared older adults with arthritis. After 12 weeks, those that practiced the Tai Chi for Arthritis form had 35% less pain, 29% less stiffness, 29% more ability to perform daily tasks (like climbing stairs), as well as improved balance, compared to the control group.
The Journal of Advanced Nursing reports the results of a 2005 study on “The Effects of Sun-Style Tai Chi Exercise on Physical Fitness and Fall Prevention in Fall-Prone Adults”. Subjects were tested, before and after, practicing Tai Chi for Arthritis three times a week for 12 weeks for strength of the knee and ankle, flexibility and mobility, and the risk ratio of falls. It concluded that this tai chi program can safely improve physical strength and reduce fall risk in fall-prone older adults in residential care facilities.

Arthritis Care and Research published a study in April, 2007, which observed that older, sedentary people with chronic osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee or hip, gained significant and sustained improvement in physical function as well pain relief with Tai Chi for Arthritis classes.

The largest tai chi for fall prevention study in a community setting was published by the American Journal of American Geriatric Society in August 2007. Subjects practised a modified tai chi program, which incorporated 80% of the Tai Chi for Arthritis program. The results indicate that recurring falls were reduced by nearly 70%.

A two year tai chi study, published by Asian Nursing Research in December, 2008, discovered that practicing Tai Chi for Arthritis led to improving six out of eight quality of life measurements for older adults. And, after a half year, there were practically no drop outs.

Learning the Tai Chi for Arthritis Program
Learning the Tai Chi for Arthritis program can be an engaging and rewarding Almost anyone can learn the Tai Chi for Arthritis program for better health and quality of lifeexperience. Today, over a million people around the world have enjoyed learning and gaining benefits from the program. Below are three steps you can take to join them:

• Enroll in a class conducted by one of my certified instructors, or use my step-by-step instructional DVD. You can find classes and order DVDs online at www.TaiChiforArthritis.com.
• Follow the instructions, learn and practice regularly. Give yourself time to absorb and understand the essential principles of tai chi – this will enable you to enjoy your practice, gain health benefits and progress steadily.
• Keep an open mind to different aspects of tai chi, continue to learn from your instructor, friends and other teachers or resources. You can use my tai chi books and articles to learn more about tai chi and join in our discussion forum with other students and instructors.

Whether you have arthritis or not, practicing Tai Chi for Arthritis will improve your balance, reduce falls, Tai Chi for Health progams are designed specifically to improve your health and quality of lifereduce stress and improve serenity. In fact, it will improve practically all aspects of your health.

Resources
National Institute of Health: National Centre of Complementary and Alternative Medicine http://nccam.nih.gov/health/taichi/
Rhayun Song, Eun-Ok Lee, Paul Lam, Sang-Cheol Ba; “Effects of tai chi exercise on pain, balance, muscle strength, and physical functioning in older women with osteoarthritis: A randomized clinical trial”, The Journal of Rheumatology, September, 2003.
Dr Choi J.H., Moon J.S. and Song R. (2005) “The Effects of Sun-Style Tai Chi Exercise on Physical Fitness and Fall Prevention in Fall-Prone Adults”, Journal of Advanced Nursing, 51(2), 150-157

Fransen M, Nairn L, Winstanley J, Lam P,  Edmonds J.  A;  “Randomized Control Trial Of 200 Subjects Comparing Tai Chi, Hydrotherapy And Control, To Measure Improvement In Pain, Physical Function, Muscular Strength And Walking Capacity”. Arthritis Care and Research.. Vol.57, No.3, April 15, 2007, pp407-414.

Alexander Voukelatos, MA (Psychol),_ Robert G. Cumming, PhD,wz Stephen R. Lord, DSc, and Chris Rissel, PhD; “A Randomized, Controlled Trial of tai chi for the Prevention of Falls: The Central Sydney tai chi Trial”. Journal of American Geriatrics Society, AUGUST 2007–VOL. 55, NO. 8.

Ching-Huey Chen, Miaofen Yen, Susan Fetzer, Li-Hua Lo, Paul Lam; “The Effects of Tai Chi Exercise on Elders with Osteoarthritis: A Longitudinal Study”, Asian Nursing Research December 2008 Vol 2 No 4.

Harvard Medical Newsletter:
https://www.health.harvard.edu/newsletters/Harvard_Womens_
Health_Watch /2009/May/The-health-benefits-of-tai-chi

New Zealand, Accident Compensation Corporation:
http://www.acc.co.nz/preventing-injuries/at-home/older-people/information-
for-older-people/modified-tai-chi-classes/PI00015

Dr. Paul Lam, a family physician and lecturer of the University of New South Wales in Sydney, Australia since 1976, is a world leader in the field of tai chi for health improvement. Dr. Lam has composed several Tai Chi for Health programs that are supported by organizations including the Arthritis Foundations of America and Australia, Osteoporosis Australia, Arthritis Care, UK and Diabetes Australia. There are over twenty published studies on the health benefits of the Tai Chi for Health programs.

Dr Lam has written four books: Overcoming Arthritis, Tai Chi for Diabetes; Tai Chi for Beginners and the 24 Forms and Teaching Tai Chi Effectively.
Maureen Miller is a freelance writer and Senior Trainer with the Tai Chi for Health program.